Bank of Grandma & Grandpa
Updated: Sep 27, 2022
Older generation using the wealth held in property to help younger generations.
It’s no secret that many younger people tend to encounter difficulties when seeking to enter the housing market for the first time. The degree to which existing homeowners are now prepared to use their own wealth to help their other family members onto the property ladder has increased notably over the last six years.
New research suggests there is a growing tendency among the older generation to use the wealth held in their property to help younger generations become first-time buyers [Note 1]. The research looked at spending and saving levels, as well as attitudes towards funding retirement.
Homeowners, particularly those who are mortgage- free, are planning to use investments, as well as their property, to help other family members move onto the property ladder. The findings show that the average age at which people pay their mortgage off is 51. After this, property and other wealth tends to start being spread through the generations.
Of respondents, 14% say they have already helped their children to become first-time buyers, with a further 19% saying they will ‘definitely or probably’ do this. Previously when surveyed in 2016 [Note 2], more respondents (19%) said they had already helped their children to become first- time buyers, yet fewer (13%) were ‘definitely or probably intending to’ compared to now.
The research also shows an increase in the number of people ready to help other family members, not just their own children. In 2022, 5% say they have already helped their grandchildren become first-time buyers, with a further 20% saying they are definitely or probably going to.
This proportion has shifted upwards in the last six years. In 2016, 3% had already helped their grandchildren to get onto the property ladder and 14% intended to.
The same pattern emerges when it comes to helping members of the wider family to buy a home. In 2022, 3% say they have already helped with this, and a further 9% intend to, compared with 2% and 3% respectively in 2016.
The amount of money older relatives are giving to younger generations has also increased, with the typical total amount given now standing at £31,398.63, 25% higher than in 2016.
There is also a noticeable shift towards using property wealth over other sources of income to provide help to other family members hoping to buy a home. In the latest research, the use of financial help sourced through property wealth has more than doubled compared with six years ago, with 40% using property assets in a number of ways, led by downsizing and equity release.
In 2016, most financial help was sourced through using savings and investments to provide money for a deposit (71%), or to buy a property outright (10%). A further 3% cashed in pensions or used pension savings to enable this. Property wealth was used to help other family members in 17% of cases, mostly by releasing capital through downsizing or equity release.
Helping younger family members buy a home
It is becoming increasingly accepted that wealth held in property should be considered part of someone’s total assets, and can be used for a variety of purposes – including to help younger family members buy a home like their parents and grandparents did. Understanding the features and risks of equity release is complicated and you should always obtain professional advice.
Source data: [Note 1] Aviva research conducted for Aviva by Censuswide April 2022. 1,507 general consumers aged 45+.
[Note 2] Aviva Real Retirement Report conducted for Aviva by ICM Unlimited April 2016. 1,506 general consumers aged 45+.
Equity release will affect the amount of inheritance you can leave and may affect your entitlement to means-tested benefits now or in the future.
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